The lactose intolerant patient's body cannot digest milk sugar because the enzyme needed to break down is lacking or its function is reduced.Lactation: Transient or Constant? (photo: iStock)Lactose intolerance can be transient or terminal, with differences between the two and reasons dr. Gastroenterologist Edit Hidvégi, a doctor at the Allergy Center in Buda, commented.
The breakdown of lactose is done by the enzyme lactase, which is produced in the small intestine. Without it, the body is unable to properly digest lactose. The problem is usually a sensation of abdominal discomfort, which is followed by the consumption of milk, usually after one to two hours.
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With age, it is becoming more commonThe rarest form of milk sugar sensitivity is due to a genetic disorder that does not produce lactose in the small intestine at all. Symptoms in these cases occur at birth, and are diagnosed in neonatal age. In contrast, primary lactic sensitization occurs in adults, as the enzyme decreases naturally in the body as it progresses with age. Depending on the individual's sensibility, symptoms may appear in beetroot, 20-30% of the Hungarian adult population has a disorder of milk sugar decomposition.
Transient lactationIn addition to the above, there is a third form of lactose sensitivity, the secondary form of lactose sensitivity. This is usually due to infections, such as acute infections, bacterial or viral diarrhea, inflammatory bowel disease, but may also occur after antibiotic treatment. In such cases, lactose-containing products should only be avoided until the underlying disease heals.
Can be treated with diet and enzymatic suppressionThe sensitivity of milk sugar can be demonstrated by a hydrogens test and an exclusive diet, with the complete withdrawal of dairy products for a transitional period. The treatment is started with a lactose-free diet, lactose-free milk and sour milk formulas can be further added to the diet: cheese, yoghurt, kefir can be consumed in quantities that are suitable for your nutrition. In addition to dieting, the lactase enzyme can be supplemented with tablets or drops, which may be a good solution, for example, in a restaurant or in a diet if the patient is unsure of the food in question.
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