The number of new infections decreased by 15 percent, and the mortality rate by 22 percent, but children are more at risk than adults. How is this possible?According to a WHO, UNICEF and UNAIDS report, anti-AIDS campaigns have reduced 15 infections in new infections over the last 10 years, and 22 infections in AIDS-related deaths.
Long-term investors in the prevention and management of HIV / AIDS appear to be beginning to pay off. "It took the world ten years to get there," he said. Gottfried Hirnschall, director of the WHO HIV department. "We're close to overcoming the disease, but it can only succeed if we accelerate the process over the next decade."
"In times of economic austerity, it will be of paramount importance that we rapidly apply new scientific results, technologies, and techniques that increase the effectiveness of HIV programs."
- Some 14% of pregnant women living in East and South Africa still had better access to HIV screening in 2005, compared to 61% in 2010, and had access to counseling on HIV and HIV.
- The WHO, UNAIDS, and UNICEF want to ensure that by 2015 there is no HIV-infected child, that is, to prevent HIV-infected women from infecting their newborns. In 2010, about half (48%) of affected women received effective drugs to prevent the transmission of the virus from mother to child.
- In 2010, 2.7 million people were infected with HIV worldwide. There are currently 34 million people living with HIV in the world. The AIDS-related mortality rate has gradually declined since 2005, from 2.2 billion to 1.8. Part of the reduction is caused by slowing the spread of the infection and, in some cases, by the use of a broader range of antiretroviral therapy. Antiretroviral treatment (ART), which not only improves the health and wellbeing of infected people, but also stops the spread of the infection, is estimated at 6.65 million people, and the number of people in need is 47%.
- The healthier a person is, the better his or her economy is. The report states that investing in HIV-related health services could generate up to $ 3 billion in profits by 2020, more than the amount invested up to the ART programs.
Half of those in need of antiretroviral treatment still do not always have access to services in low- and middle-income countries. Many people do not even know that they are HIV positive. Worryingly high rates of HIV infection among at-risk groups: sex workers, homosexuals and intravenous drug users. For example, 32 percent of sex workers in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and 57 percent of intravenous drug users in St. Petersburg are HIV-positive.
A significant majority of 15-24 year olds living with HIV worldwide are women. This rate is still higher in sub-Saharan Africa, where girls and young women make up 71 percent of infected young people. They are the ones that preventive programs essentially do not reach.
Russia and Ukraine are leading
In Eastern Europe and Central Asia, more than 60 percent of people living with HIV are intravenous drug users. In spite of the fact that better services have prevented the mother from carrying HIV to the fetus in 350,000 cases, 3.4 million children do not receive any treatment at all. In 2010, just one infected child from a child received only one treatment in low and middle income countries, while the same ratio was 2: 1 for adults.
"While there are significant results in the treatment, care and assistance of adults, it should be noted that such outcomes are far more limited in children's care," he said. Leila PakkalaDirector of the UNICEF Regional Office in Geneva.
It is reported that the situation in Western Central Europe and North America has been stable since 2004, with a large proportion of new infections occurring in the United States. However, Eastern Europe and Central Asia are showing strong growth in HIV infections. In the past decade, the rate of new infections has increased by 250 percent. New cases are diagnosed in 90 percent in Russia and Ukraine. In the region, access to antiretroviral treatments is very low, with only 23 percent.
Download the full report here.